upsc civil service exam 2019

Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commision every year, and before registering for the examinations, you should know the basic structure of the civil services exam in 2019.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern & Syllabus – 2019

Civil Service examination consists of two stage.

  1. Stage I – Preliminary examination (Objective type).
  2. Stage II – Mains examination (Written & Interview).

Read Also: UPSC CAPF 2019: Exam pattern, syllabus, eligibility criteria etc.

Preliminary Examination:

Papers Subjects (Objective Type) Marks Duration
Paper I General Studies 200 2 hours
Paper II Aptitude Test 200 2 hours
Total 400 4 hours
  • Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with
    minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  • The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English.

Mains Examination:

Qualifying Papers: –

Papers Subjects Marks Duration
Paper – A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution 300 3 hours
Paper – B English 300 3 hours

Papers to be counted for merit:-

Papers Subjects Marks Duration
Paper – I Essay 300 3 hours
Paper – II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society) 300 3 hours
Paper – III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity,
Social Justice and International relations)
250 3 hours
Paper – IV General Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security
and Disaster Management)
250 3 hours
Paper – V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 250 3 hours
Paper – VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 3 hours
Paper – VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 3 hours
Sub Total (Written test) 1750 27 hours
Personality Test  275
Grand Total 2025

Personality Test (Interview)

  • The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).
  • Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking.
  • The ranking is based on the score out of 2025 Marks.

Civil Service Syllabus – 2019

Preliminary Exam Papers

Paper A – General Studies
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and climate change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.
Paper B – Aptitude Test
  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X
    level)

Mains Exam Papers

Paper I – Essay
Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to
write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
Paper II – General Studies I
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization,
    political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
Paper III – General Studies II
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations).

  • Indian Constitution— historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local
    levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures— structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry— the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and for their structure, mandate.
Paper IV – General Studies III
(Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Paper V – General Studies IV
( Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various
issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered :

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on the above issues.
Paper VI  & VII- Optional Subject- Paper 1 & 2
The candidate may choose any optional subject from amongst the List of Optional Subjects.

Civil Service Exam Eligibility Criteria – 2019

Nationality
  1. For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  2. For other services, a candidate must be either:
    (a) a citizen of India, or
    (b) a subject of Nepal, or
    (c) a subject of Bhutan, or
    (d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
    (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Age Limits & Relaxation

A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years.

Category Relaxation
SC/ST 5 years
OBC 3 years
Defence services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or disturbed area. 3 years
Ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/ SSCOs who have completed an initial period of an assignment of 5 years military service 5 years
ECOs/ SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of 5 years of military service 5 years
blindness and low vision, deaf and hard of hearing, locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy, autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability, and mental illness and deaf-blindness candidates. 10 years
Educational Qualification
The candidate must hold a Degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

Number of Attempts: Maximum of 6 attempts are allowed. No restriction for SC, ST candidates, and 9 attempts are allowed for OBC, the Physically handicapped candidate belonging to the General Category.

Restrictions on Applying for the Examination:

  1. A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.
  2. A Candidate who is appointed to the Indian Police Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to opt for the Indian Police Service in Civil Services Examination.

Physical Standards: The candidate must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Civil Services Examination.

Official notification link.

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